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Bystander CPR rates lower in Hispanic neighborhoods

Susanne May and Rob Schmicker
Susanne May (left) and Rob Schmicker

A recent study published in the journal Circulation found that individuals who experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods were less likely to receive CPR from a bystander and had a lower likelihood of survival.

Previous research has shown that bystander CPR and survival after an OHCA vary at the neighborhood level, with lower survival seen in predominantly black neighborhoods. Although the Hispanic population is the fastest-growing minority population in the U.S., few studies have assessed CPR and survival rates in Hispanic neighborhoods.

Findings from this study indicate a need to understand the reasons behind disparities in CPR delivery in Hispanic neighborhoods. It also suggests that future studies and public health initiatives should consider targeted training in Hispanic communities.

This retrospective cohort study was conducted by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the Duke University School of Medicine using data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Data Coordinating Center. The center operated from 2004 to 2018 and was led by UW Professor of Biostatistics Susanne May who is among the paper’s co-authors along with UW research scientist Rob Schmicker (MS '07).

The ROC was a network of regional clinical centers that provided infrastructure to advance rapid translation of promising scientific and clinical interventions to improve patient outcomes. The network was coordinated by the UW Clinical Trial Center housed within the UW School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics.

Deb Nelson, Biostatistics communications and event manager