Biostatistics Seminar: Julia Palacios (2018 Women in Biostatistics and Statistics Invited Speaker)

Presentation: Different Coalescent Modeling Resolutions for Posterior Inference of Evolutionary Parameters

2018 Women in Biostatistics and Statistics Invited Speaker: Julia Palacios, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Departments of Statistics and Biomedical Data Science, School of Humanities & Sciences, Stanford University

Abstract: Sophisticated inferential tools coupled with the coalescent model have recently emerged for estimation of evolutionary parameters, such as past population sizes, from present-day samples of genomic data. Coalescent-based methods rely on the Kingman-coalescent genealogy to model the sample’s ancestry. Unfortunately, the state space of genealogies grows superexponentially with the number of samples and hence, inference is computationally challenging for large number of samples. Here, we present a new Bayesian approach that relies on lower resolution coalescent processes with drastically smaller hidden state spaces. We provide new algorithms for efficient and exact likelihood calculations exploiting a new representation on a directed acyclic graph. We compare the performance of our algorithms with state-of-the-art algorithms in population genetics.

Date/Time
Thu, May 17, 2018, 3:30pm to 5:00pm
Location
Room T-639 (HST)
Sponsors

Faculty Coordinator: Mauricio Sadinle, msadinle@uw.edu

Seminar Coordinator: Sandra Coke, sjcoke@uw.edu